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Race and Ethnicity As Used By The United States Census Bureau

New York.- The Garifuna USA Coalition, Inc., a 501 (c) (3) Tax Exempt non-partisan non-profit organization based in New York City is pleased to announce it partnered with Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr. in the creation of the “Bronx 2020 Census Complete Count Committee.” The committee will be tasked with increasing turnout in the upcoming 2020 Census and ensuring that Bronx residents participate in this important civic function.

As a multinational, multi lingual, racial and ethnic mixtures immigrant group, the Garifuna and Afro-Latino Communities are among the Hard-To-Count populations.

As part of the 2020 Census awareness raising campaign, the Garifuna Coalition USA, Inc advises People of African Descent born in Latin America, including those with differentiated cultural ethnicities, must review and analyze the definition of Race and Ethnicity “Hispanic or Latino Origin” as used by the United States Census Bureau. This is important to achieve a complete and accurate count of the Afro-Latino and Garifuna people as differentiated communities in the upcoming 2020 US Census.

The long colonial history of Latin America, during which mixing occurred among indigenous Americans, Africans, Europeans, and Asians, resulted in various racial and ethnic mixtures.

The racial and ethnic mixtures in Latin America has resulted in a complex and varied nature of race and identity among Latinos in the US. As a result, according to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity, People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race. Following is a brief explanation.

What is Race?
The1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity, requires five minimum categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.

An individual’s response to the race question is based upon self-identification.

United States CENSUS
The U.S. Census Bureau must adhere to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity which guide the Census Bureau in classifying written responses to the race question:

Black or African American – A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.

According to the Questions Planned for the 2020 Census and American Community Survey for Federal Legislative and Program Uses, Issued on March 2018; the race question will include an area where respondent’s write-in answers can be combined to create data for the OMB category of Black.

Ethnicity
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires federal agencies to use a minimum of two ethnicities:
– Hispanic or Latino and
– Not Hispanic or Latino.

Definition of Hispanic or Latino Origin Used in the Census
“Hispanic or Latino” refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.

Hispanic origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be any race.

The Census question on Hispanic origin includes five (5) separate response categories and one area where respondents could write in a specific Hispanic origin group.

– NOT Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.
– Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano;
– Puerto Rican;”
– Cuban;
– Another Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (Respondents may write-in answers can be combined to create data for the OMB category of Hispanic.

Afro-Latinos

A Pew Research Center survey of Latino adults shows that one-quarter of all U.S. Latinos self-identify as Afro-Latino, Afro Caribbean or of African descent with roots in Latin America.

The Garifuna Coalition USA, Inc. looks forward to partnering with Garifuna and Afro-Latino organizations and the USA Census Bureau to achieve a Complete Count during the 2020 Census, by raising awareness, and strengthen participation in Census Bureau surveys

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